Surfing the Web

OS X comes with Safari, a browser which is equipped with lots of useful features that will be impossible to highlight in one article. Safari is an excellent browser, but it’s not the only player in town. If you choose another browser for your Mac, leSurfing the Webt OS X know this fact, so when you click on a link in an email, the right browser ill open up (open Safari, press Safari – Preferences and go to the option in the General pane). Anyway different browsers can be better in some ways and worse in others. Thus they all have something to offer, but few Mac users choose other browsers over Safari.

Surfing the Web – Browsing Tips

Here come some of the useful features that Safari offers, but you may may not be aware of (as well as some tips about other popular browsers).

Windows and Tabs

First at all, in Safari you can zoom in and out on any webpage using the shortcuts the Command key+ or the Command key-.

Generally, people prefer have multiple webpages open simultaneously, most of them open in the background and one in the foreground (or two pages may share the screen). In Safari, to open a link in a new Window, right-click that link and choose Open Link in New Window.

You can also open multiple pages within a single window, with “tabs at the top to let you switch between them. Right-click a line and choose Open in New Tab to get started.

You can also use keyboard shortcuts for new windows and tabs: open Safari-Preferences-Tabs and use the three check boxes to toggle between the keyboard combinations. To give an example, if you like tabbed browsing with new tabs appearing in the backgroun (which is great for opening lots of links from one page), check the command key which will open a link in a new tab box and uncheck the When a new tab or window opens, make it active box. This configuraion enabled, hold down the command key as you click links to open them as new tabs in the background. You can also hold both the Shift key and the Command key to open a new tab in the foreground.

In Safari, tabs can be reordered by draggin them to the left or right. To detach a tab to create a new window, hold down the Option key and drag.

If you visit one webpage very often, you can drag its icon, which is located to the left of its address in your browser, to the right-hand section of the Dock for easy access.

How to Retrace Your Steps

You can move back through the pages you have open, by using the Back button. Besides, it may be quicker to click and hold on the Back (or Forward) button. This action allows you to choose the page you’re looing for from a list of pages. With this technique the menu will show you a certain number of pages that you’ve views in the current window. To jump back to any page that you’ve viewed in the last week or so, you can use History menu list in Safari.

Bookmars & Top Sites

You use a bookmark when you consider that a webpage is worth another visit. For this, you can use the Bookmarks menu. Alternatively, try the shortcut Command key + B if you are using Safari. If you use Firefox on your Mac, the shortcut Command key + D will do the affair. Try to get into the habit of using folders to group bookmarks together. Otherwise, you’ll end up with a huge and very long list where it will be very hard to find anything. To create folders or to delete unwanted bookmarks, choose the Show All… or Manage… option in the Bookmarks menu.

When you use a webpage all the time, you can drop it onto the Bookmark Bar. This bar is located below the Back and Forward buttons. If you can’t see it, go to the View menu and look for options. Either you can drag page icons directly onto the bar. You can also save or move bookmars into the Bookmark Bar folder. It is even possible to create sub-folders within your Bookmarks Bar foldeer to generate dropdown menus of your favourite sites.

On the left-hand end of the Bookmarks bar in Safari, a small grid-like icon is located. This icon launches a Top Sites, which dishes up clickable previews of what Safari believes are your favourite sites.

Yu can access your bookmars via any device. There are free online bookmarks managers, such as del.icio.us which positions itself as the social bookmarks manager (the social aspect lies in the fact that users can view other people’s bookmarks and other people can see your bookmarks). It’s a great way to discover – and help promote – many interesting sites. Another site is Xmarks.com which makes your bookmarks available online and keeps them in sync across all your computers and browsers.

Browser Plug-ins

All the browsers can be completed with many downloadable extensions. These apps add extra functions and options to your browser (ad blocking is one of the most popular functionalities). There are scores of extensions available, and they’re usually free.

Searching the Web

You can search Google directly from the toolbar, without having to go to Google’s homepage in order to search for the items you need. When searching this way, all the regular Google tricks still work, including all the shortcuts.

Finding Something on a Page

To search for a word or phrase within a webpage, choose Edit – Find. You can use the shortcut the Command key + F. Then jump forward and back between occurences of the same word or prase by clicking Command key + G or Command key + Shift + G, respectively.

Privacy

If you do nothing about it anyone who can access your account can easily see all the sites you’ve recently visited. If this bothers you, clearing your history isn’t enough: your cookies, cache and auto-fill entries will show to everyone where you’ve been. If you want to go back to a completely clean site, you can reset your Safari browser by clicking Safari – Reset Safari. You can also choose Safari – Private Browsing to prevent Safari from recording any traces of your surfing.

To block the pop-ads, go to Safari – Block Pop Up Window.

To prevent banners from appearing on webpages you visit, you’ll need to download an AdBlock extension, and banners should no longer appear in webpages you are looking at.

Parental Controls

If you want to limit your child’s browsing to certain approved websites, create a user account for him or her and enable Parental Controls. You can try a special children’s browser, such as BumperCar – Mac OS X Web browser for kids which keep your kids safe while they surf the net. This browser makes browsing fun, and easy as well as safe.

RSS

Really Simple Syndication (RSS for short) allows news services, blogs and any other website to produce newsfeeds containing headlines and short descriptions of each new article or updated text, complete with links to the full story. When a person recieves an RSS, he can scan a feed at a glance without having to visite the website. You can aggregate the feeds from your favourite sites, and thus create a totally personalized online magazine or newspaper.

RSS tools are built in Safari. When you visit a site, you an press the RSS button which appears on the Website, and you cann click the button to view the feed. Occasionally, Safari fails to find a feed, in which case you’ll need to find a link to the feed and click it (generally the link will be an orange butto labelled XML).

If you need to combine RSS feeds from various sites, you must bookmark each feed and add the bookmars into a folder (or on your Bookmark Bar). Click the folder and select View All RSS Articles.

You can also view RSS feeds as a screen saveer. To view RSS feed in this way, open System Preferences – Desktop & Screen Saver – Screen Saver. Next choose RSS Visualizer, click Options… to pick from your Safari feeds.

To browse your newsfeed collection from any computer, sign up with an online aggregator which can be dowloaded from a number of websites.

A Few Other Tips About Safari

If you need to view a PDF in Safari, single click on the page, and on-screen PDF controls will be displayed and make possible to zoom, open file in Preview or downloading it.

ou can clicj edit at the bottom of the Top Sites page to customize the selections. Click X to remove sites. Use the pin icon to spear sites into a grid position permanently.

If any of the previews on your Top Sites page have a star in the top-right corner, this means that new content has been added since your last visit to the page.

After browsing links and pages from a search, you can quickly return to the original set of search results by clicking the orange SnapBack point that appears in the Safari search field. Alternatively, you can use the keyboard shortcut Option key + Command key + S.

If you want to type a search term, you can use the shortcut Command key + Option key + F to send your cursor straight to the toolbar search field.

Right-click and highlighted text on a webpage and choose the option to search the Web for that term.

To resize any webpage text field – such as a search box grab its bottom-right corner and drag.

As an alternative to bookmarking, you can turn any part of a webpage into a widget to use in Dashbboard by clicking the Web Clip button and dragging around the area you want to use. This provides quick access to a commonly used search field or online tool.

A Few Tips About Firefox

Firefox allows you to browse between pages without beeing connected to the Internet (obviously, if you have recently visited them). It’s a great feature for reading while you are in a subway train, for example. It is possible to increase the number of offline pages you’ll have access to by upping the cache size in Firefox Preferences.

You can use the Go menu to jump back to any page that you’ve viewed in the last week or more as it will show you the history of your browsing the web.

To choose and add an extension, either choose Tools – Extensions and then click Get More Extensions, or go to Mozilla Update page.

Right-click and highlighted text on a webpage and choose the option to search the Web for that term.

To clear all history of your visits, go to Firefox – Preferences – Privacy. To delete everything in one fell swoop, you can choose Tools – Clear Private Data.

To block Pop-ups, open Firefox – Preferences – Content. Firefox will warn you when a window is blocked. It also has the option of adding sites to an “allow list”.

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