The History of Mobile Phones
The first research regarding mobile phones was conducted by Bell Laboratories, a historic scientific development company, created in the late 19th century by Alexander Graham Bell. This company introduced the idea of cellular communications in 1947. However, their system was sought to be installed in cars, as the equipment’s weight was roughly around 30 pounds, and it couldn’t be handheld.
The first real technological breakthrough was engineered in 1973 by Martin Cooper, an inventor with Motorola company. The first handheld mobile phone call was made on April 3, 1973 by Cooper and John Francis Mitchell, Motorola’s Chief Engineer. They demonstrated two working phones to the media at the entrance of the New York Hilton Hotel. Standing on 6th avenue, Martin Cooper made the first cellular phone call in public from the prototype DynaTAC.
That call connected Cooper to a Motorola base station located on the roof of the Burlingame House, and into the land-line telephone system. Cooper dialed the number of his chief competitor Dr. Joel Stanley Engel at ATT and said these historical words: “Joel, this is Marty. I’m calling you from a cell phone, a real handheld portable cell phone.” And just like that, history was made!
On the July 1973 issue of Popular Science Magazine, Martin Cooper talked at length about the first experiences with DynaTAC. Funny enough, the inventor described his first conversation while walking down the street in his interview: “I made numerous calls, including one where I crossed the street while talking to a New York radio reporter – probably one of the more dangerous things I have ever done in my life.”
DynaTAC marked a fundamental shift in communications, as with the arrival of the mobile phone on the market, people started to call other people instead of calling a place. This creative innovation resulted in a major achievement for Motorola. The same year, the company gained Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approval for cellular licenses to be assigned to competing entities.