History of Apple

You’ll learn everything about Apple and its history from the very beginning to our days. Enjoy your reading!

Apple Lisa

Introduced by Apple Computer Inc. in January 1983, the Lisa personal computer was one of the first computers aimed at individual users to offer a graphical user interface (GUI). Development of the Lisa began in 1978, but it resulted in an extremely expensive device. The Lisa’s name was for a reason, as the computer was named after Steve Jobs’s daughter Lisa, born in 1978. On the other hand, the Apple Lisa featured advanced preemptive multitasking. The Apple Lisa’s speed and of course the hard drive gave it a place in the mists of legend among power users – it was the machine all the programmers used to make the fancy games work. (more…)

Apple Lisa 2

The Apple Lisa 2 was the first hardware revision of the Apple Computer’s first personal computer Lisa, released in January of 1983. Lisa 2, was released in January 1984. The Lisa 2 had the notable distinction of introducing the new Apple inlaid logo. Its price less expensive that the original model (almost twice as low). Lisa 2 also dropped the unreliable Twiggy floppy drives in favor of a single 400k Sony microfloppy. Its revised version, the Lisa 2/5 (5 for 5 Meg Profile drive) consisted of a Lisa 2 bundled with an external 5MB or 10MB hard drive. In 1984 Apple offered free upgrades to the Lisa 2/5 to all Lisa 1 owners, by swapping the pair of Twiggy drives for a single 3.5-inch drive. Apple also offered to update the boot ROM and I/O ROM. Lisa 2 had the first Snow White design language features. The last revisiom of Lisa 2 – Lisa 2/10 featured a 10MB internal hard drive known as Widget. The System I/O board was redesigned to support the new hard drive. The parallel port was removed. To upgrade from the Lisa 1 to the Lisa 2/10 cost $2495. (more…)

Apple I Computer

The Apple I computer was hand-built by Steven Wozniak and released by him and his friend Steve Jobs in April 1976. This first « pre-Mac » device developed by the Apple Inc. Founders was based on the MOStek 6502 chip, an 8-bit microprocessor that was designed by MOS Technology in 1975. At the moment, this chip was the least expensive full-featured microprocessor on the market. (more…)

Advertisement Apple 1 Computer

The Apple Computer. A truly comlete microcomputer system on a single PC board. Based on the MOS Technology 6502 microprocessor, the Apple also has a built-in video terminal and sockets for 8K bytes of on-board RAM memory. With the addition of a keyboard and video monitor, you’ll have anextremely powerful computer system that can be used for anything from developing programs to playing games or running BASIC. (more…)

Apple II

Apple II Computer was released in April 1977. The Apple II was based on Wozniak’s Apple I design. Several new elements were though added to the design : the computer had plastic casing, a rarity at the time. Apple II also could display color graphics. It was more powerful. included two game paddles and a demo cassette. The computer featured an integrated keyboard, sound, a plastic case, and eight internal expansion slots. Note that this computer was trademarked with square brackets as “Apple ][” and rendered on later models as “Apple //”. (more…)

History of Apple (1970-1989)

How might the world have changed if the Apple Computer Corporation had actually chose another way of development in the 1970s? As more than one character has said in more than one story, «It just might work». The world might be better today, or it might become the worst place in the Universe, we’ll never know. But one fact is certain, the world would be very different. (more…)

Laser 3000

In 1983 Video Technology Company (VTech), based in Hong Kong, introduces the Laser 3000 personal microcomputer, onw od the obscure and almost unknown Apple II clones. Laser 3000 computer was said to be 96% compatible with the Apple IIe when the Emulator Cartridge was installed. This device was reliable and suited perfectly many fans of the Apple II who wanted to play Chopper, Centipede, Frogger, Zaxxon and other games. You could also write programs or compose music with the Sound command. It was sold with the whole kit with the joystick, emulator and drive (the drive was detached, so was everything else). This computer had some special graphics modes and Sound options which were great for the epoch. You could hit ctl-break and read the programming… And a genuine Apple IIe price was at least double, so Laser 3000 represented good value for money. I owned it for about 4 years and it proved to be reliable.  (more…)

Franklin Ace 1200

Franklin Ace 1200 Apple Compatible personal computer was the first legal Apple II clone, manufactured by Franklin Computers Corporation company, US. This model was an upgrade to the Ace 1000 that came with CP/M Softcard and built-in dual drives as standard features. The Franklin ACE 1200 was also the only Apple compatible computer made by Franklin Computers Corporation. (more…)

History of Apple (1990-1992)

In the eighties, Apple pioneered the personal computing industry in the world with its computer. However, the company then stumbled, and many say it was because of its limited (or closed) approach, based on the high-end computers, while Microsoft (to give an example) flourished through its software designed for low-cost home computers. Apple learned much from those years, and in the nineties it became the wealthy market leader. (more…)

History of Apple (1993 – 1994)

But by the mid nineties Apple were overpriced, and the majority of its products consisted of rehashes of the 1984 Macintosh with different improvements. Many competing products beat the Macintosh in performance, and their prices were much better. The company lost money in 1994, and 1995, 1996, 1997 followed suit . Even more, in the first quarter of 1997 Apple stock hit a 12-year low of $4 and the company reported a $708 million loss, and Microsoft (!) invested $150 million to save its competitor from disaster. (more…)

History of Apple (1995 – 1996)

The PowerMac family, introduced in 1994, was developed through 1995. It was the first Mac to be based on the PowerPC chip, an extremely fast processor co-developed with IBM and Motorola. At the same time Mac OS was licensed to several companies, including Power Computing, one of the more successful Mac-clone makers (but only a handful of companies ever licensed the Mac OS because Apple was too restrictive in its licensing agreements). Apple’s problems were added to by the late-summer release of Windows ’95, which mimicked the Mac GUI. Thus Apple took its worst plunge ever in the winter of 1995-96. The company misjudged the market and pushed low-cost Performas over mid-range PowerMacs. Applefailed to make a profit at all. (more…)

Power Macintosh G3 (B&W G3) Revision B

 B&W G3: The forth generation of Apple displays was introduced with the Blue & White Power Macintosh G3 desktop or minitower (also known as Blue and White G3 or else B&W G3, Yosemite G3 or Smurf Tower to distingish the device from original Power Macintosh G3). This computer included the white and blue plastics of the iMac. The faster models used the new copper-based PowerPC G3 CPUs made by IBM, which used about 25% of the power of the Motorola versions clock for clock. (more…)

History of Apple (1997 – 1998)

In July 1997, Apple announces the resignation of Gil Amelio, following another multi-million dollar quarterly loss. The time and place for the most ground breaking announcements, however, would be MacWorld Boston in August 1997. Jobs, who by now was being referred to as “interim CEO,” makes the keynote speech, and speaks of the company’s upcoming aggressive advertising campaign, upcoming new Macs, and Rhapsody. He announces an almost entirely new Board of Directors, including Larry Ellison, CEO of Oracle. But he saves the best for last. In a ground breaking decision, Jobs announces an alliance of Apple Computer with Microsoft. (more…)

History of Apple (1999)

The end of the century gave Apple new life, but there was one big obstacle to tackle: Clones, as clone vendors such as Power Computing. Clones were taking customers away from Apple and were cutting into Apple’s high-end market, where they traditionally made the most profit. Steve Jobs annonced Apple’s new corporat strategy on November 10, 1997. Through the years to come Appple would sell computers direct, both over the web and the phone, as Power Computing had done so well in the past. This strategy was fully implemented by 1999. In July 1999, the iBook was introduced. This computer brought style to the low-end portable market. Several months later, the PowerMac G4 was introduced, a new professional desktop machine. Apple’s stock had risen all summer, and by mid-September 1999 was trading at an all-time high, in the high 70s. In his Keynote at MacWorld Expo SF in January 2000, Steve Jobs unveiled Apple’s new Internet strategy: a suite of mac-only internet-based applications called “iTools” and an exclusive partnership with Earthlink as Apple’s recommended ISP. In July 2000, Apple announced a slew of new machines, including the PowerMac G4 Cube, which added a fifth category to Apple’s four-corner product strategy. (more…)

History of Apple (2000)

In 2000, Apple announced a slew of new machines, including the PowerMac G4 Cube, which added a fifth category to Apple’s four-corner product strategy. The Cube was the biggest gamble Steve Jobs had made since the release of the iMac, and it would turn out to be a failure. (more…)

History of Apple (2001)

Through the second half of 2000 sales became slower both for Apple and the computer industry as a whole. But the things changed since Steve Jobs announced, in May 2001, that Apple would be opening retail stores across America, selling not only Apple computers, but mp3 players, video cameras, games and more. Apple also announced a major update to the iBook line. Later, in July 2001, Apple refreshed iMacs and G4, and terminated the G4 Cube, ending months of speculation as to how Apple would deal with the Cube’s resounding failure. iBook sold extremely well during the summer. In late October 2001, Apple announced the iPod, which was the first non-computer Apple product in several years and Apple’s first hardware addition to its digital hub strategy. (more…)

History of Apple (2002)

As Glen Sanford states on his History of Apple Website, « in January 2002, Apple reinvented the consumer desktop, again, when it released its flat panel iMac. » The company also announced iPhoto, a new software package. However, Apple stumbled in the second half of 2002, when the marketplace shrank due to global economic conditions. In June, Apple introduced its Switchers ad campain, which would grow to be one of the most successfull of Apple’s history. Based on non-scripted monologues of real people, the Switchers campain made the strongest case yet for Macs in a PC world. In July 2002, Apple announced iCal and iSync, as well as the free iTools service which would be rolled into a new subscription-based «dotMac» service, aimed at futher centralizing the Mac in the high-tech lifestyle. But in October Apple announced a quarterly loss of $45 million, due to weak PowerBook and PowerMac sales. (more…)

History of Apple (2003)

In January 2003, the recovery began, as Apple released iLife, a bundled package that included iPhoto, iTunes, iMovie and iDVD. It also announced two new PowerBook G4 models, a 12″ model similar to existing 12″ iBooks, and a wide-screen 17″ model. The company also announced Safari, its own Web Browser. The new PowerBooks sold well. The sales of flat panel iMacs remained steady. The iPod was beginning to take off. In April of 2003, the iTunes Music Store opened, which would sell individual songs through the iTunes application, for 99 cents each. When announced, the iTunes Music Store had the backing of the five major record labels, and a catalog of more than 200,000 songs. In October, Apple released iTunes for Windows. (more…)

History of Apple (2004)

The year 2004 was a turning point for Apple. Indeed, the company created a solid financial base to work with, and began experimenting with new parts from new suppliers. As a result, new designs were developed over a short amount of time, with the release of the iPod Video, the iPod Classic and other products. In the summer of 2004, the iMac G5 replaced the iMac G4 after a few iterations increasing the processing speed and screen sizes of the latter from 15″ to 17″ to 20″. Apple’s Xserves were updated to use the G5, and replaced the Power Mac G5 as the main building block of Virginia Tech’s System X. By the way, Apple’s Xserves was ranked in November 2004 as the world’s seventh fastest supercomputer. A new iMac based on the G5 processor was announced on August 31, 2004 and marketed in mid-September. The first Apple store opened in Ginza district of Tokyo, Japan in 2003, was followed by a store in Osaka, in August 2004. (more…)

History of Apple (2005)

The 2005 was a good year for Apple. The iPod gave an enormous lift to the company’s financial results. Thus in the quarter ending March 26, 2005, Apple earned US$290 million, or 34¢ a share, on sales of US$3.24 billion. Apple sold its 300 millionth song on March 2, 2005. On July 17, 2005, the iTunes Music Store sold its 500 millionth song. At that point, songs were selling at an accelerating annualized rate of more than 500 million.On April 29, 2005, Apple released Mac OS X v10.4 “Tiger” to the general public. As of the week of October 24, 2005 Apple released the Power Mac G5 Dual that featured a Dual-Core processor. This processor contains two cores in one rather than have two separate processors. Apple has also developed the Power Mac G5 Quad with two of the Dual-Core processors for enhanced workstation power and performance. The new Power Mac G5 Dual cores run individually at 2.0 GHz or 2.3 GHz. The Power Mac G5 Quad cores run at 2.5 GHz and all variations have a graphics processor that has 256-bit memory bandwidth. (more…)

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