History of Apple

You’ll learn everything about Apple and its history from the very beginning to our days. Enjoy your reading!

Apple Lisa

Introduced by Apple Computer Inc. in January 1983, the Lisa personal computer was one of the first computers aimed at individual users to offer a graphical user interface (GUI). Development of the Lisa began in 1978, but it resulted in an extremely expensive device. The Lisa’s name was for a reason, as the computer was named after Steve Jobs’s daughter Lisa, born in 1978. On the other hand, the Apple Lisa featured advanced preemptive multitasking. The Apple Lisa’s speed and of course the hard drive gave it a place in the mists of legend among power users – it was the machine all the programmers used to make the fancy games work. (more…)

Apple Lisa 2

The Apple Lisa 2 was the first hardware revision of the Apple Computer’s first personal computer Lisa, released in January of 1983. Lisa 2, was released in January 1984. The Lisa 2 had the notable distinction of introducing the new Apple inlaid logo. Its price less expensive that the original model (almost twice as low). Lisa 2 also dropped the unreliable Twiggy floppy drives in favor of a single 400k Sony microfloppy. Its revised version, the Lisa 2/5 (5 for 5 Meg Profile drive) consisted of a Lisa 2 bundled with an external 5MB or 10MB hard drive. In 1984 Apple offered free upgrades to the Lisa 2/5 to all Lisa 1 owners, by swapping the pair of Twiggy drives for a single 3.5-inch drive. Apple also offered to update the boot ROM and I/O ROM. Lisa 2 had the first Snow White design language features. The last revisiom of Lisa 2 – Lisa 2/10 featured a 10MB internal hard drive known as Widget. The System I/O board was redesigned to support the new hard drive. The parallel port was removed. To upgrade from the Lisa 1 to the Lisa 2/10 cost $2495. (more…)

Apple I Computer

The Apple I computer was hand-built by Steven Wozniak and released by him and his friend Steve Jobs in April 1976. This first « pre-Mac » device developed by the Apple Inc. Founders was based on the MOStek 6502 chip, an 8-bit microprocessor that was designed by MOS Technology in 1975. At the moment, this chip was the least expensive full-featured microprocessor on the market. (more…)

Advertisement Apple 1 Computer

The Apple Computer. A truly comlete microcomputer system on a single PC board. Based on the MOS Technology 6502 microprocessor, the Apple also has a built-in video terminal and sockets for 8K bytes of on-board RAM memory. With the addition of a keyboard and video monitor, you’ll have anextremely powerful computer system that can be used for anything from developing programs to playing games or running BASIC. (more…)

Apple II

Apple II Computer was released in April 1977. The Apple II was based on Wozniak’s Apple I design. Several new elements were though added to the design : the computer had plastic casing, a rarity at the time. Apple II also could display color graphics. It was more powerful. included two game paddles and a demo cassette. The computer featured an integrated keyboard, sound, a plastic case, and eight internal expansion slots. Note that this computer was trademarked with square brackets as “Apple ][” and rendered on later models as “Apple //”. (more…)

History of Apple (1970-1989)

How might the world have changed if the Apple Computer Corporation had actually chose another way of development in the 1970s? As more than one character has said in more than one story, «It just might work». The world might be better today, or it might become the worst place in the Universe, we’ll never know. But one fact is certain, the world would be very different. (more…)

Laser 3000

In 1983 Video Technology Company, based in Hong Kong, introduces the Laser 3000 microcomputer, an Apple II clone. It was said to be 96% compatible with the Apple IIe when the Emulator Cartridge was installed. This device was reliable and suited perfectly many fans of the Apple II who wanted to play Chopper, Centipede, Frogger, Zaxxon and other games. You could also write programs or compose music with the Sound command. It was sold with the whole kit with the joystick, emulator and drive (the drive was detached, so was everything else). This computer had some special graphics modes and Sound options which were great for the epoch. You could hit ctl-break and read the programming… And a genuine Apple IIe price was at least double, so Laser 3000 represented good value for money. I owned it for about 4 years and it proved to be reliable. (more…)

Franklin Ace 1200

Franklin Ace 1200 Apple Compatible personal computer was the first legal Apple II clone, manufactured by Franklin Computers Corporation company, US. This model was an upgrade to the Ace 1000 that came with CP/M Softcard and built-in dual drives as standard features. The Franklin ACE 1200 was also the only Apple compatible computer made by Franklin Computers Corporation. (more…)

History of Apple (1990-1992)

In the eighties, Apple pioneered the personal computing industry in the world with its computer. However, the company then stumbled, and many say it was because of its limited (or closed) approach, based on the high-end computers, while Microsoft (to give an example) flourished through its software designed for low-cost home computers. Apple learned much from those years, and in the nineties it became the wealthy market leader. (more…)

History of Apple (1993 – 1994)

But by the mid nineties Apple were overpriced, and the majority of its products consisted of rehashes of the 1984 Macintosh with different improvements. Many competing products beat the Macintosh in performance, and their prices were much better. The company lost money in 1994, and 1995, 1996, 1997 followed suit . Even more, in the first quarter of 1997 Apple stock hit a 12-year low of $4 and the company reported a $708 million loss, and Microsoft (!) invested $150 million to save its competitor from disaster. (more…)

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